Alba Carolina fortress | The largest fortress in Romania

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This is the largest fortress in Romania, with a perimeter of 12 km, and also the best preserved

Alba Carolina fortress was built between 1714 and 1738, its walls being laid out in the shape of a seven-point star. Its six gates are richly decorated with baroque ornaments, unique in the European military architecture. However, the history of this fortress goes back 2000 years, to the Roman castrum (fort) built here in the 2nd century BC, followed by the medieval citadel erected in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The entire history of the current Alba Carolina fortress is visible to this day. The visitors walk through the concentric ruins, from those of the Roman castrum to the 18th-century walls of the current fortress, guarded by the Austrian guards in their period costumes. Alba Carolina fortress has a symbolic meaning. Being located in the center of Romania and surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains, the fortress has been the host of the coronation of Greater Romania’s King.

Alba Carolina Fortress


What you can do in Alba Carolina fortress:

Take a step back in time by visiting The Route of the Three Fortifications. Here you will discover vestiges from three different periods, built successively on the same location, each new citadel including the old one: The Roman Castrum (106 A.D.), The Medieval Citadel (16th-17th Centuries) and Alba Carolina Citadel, a Vauban type fortification (built in the 18th Century).

Admire a beautiful routine: The Changing of the Guard which happens every day. Be sure you are there on Saturdays when at 12 o’clock you can also see the canon salutes, a unique show bringing life inside the three-century-old fortification walls.

Follow the Route of the 7 Gates of the Citadel. Their architecture is astonishing.

See Horea’s Cell-the leader of the Peasants’ Revolt of 1784. He was imprisoned by the Austrian authorities ruling the citadel at that time.

Discover the 1000-year-old Roman-Catholic Cathedral, where numerous Transylvanian rulers were buried!

Watch the presentation video: