On the newest land of the continent, extraordinary conditions have helped create a unique ecosystem, a refuge for many species, this being the third richest area in the world in terms of biodiversity.In the paradise of the Delta, the splash of oars pushed by fishermen with long beards and sun-withered faces is one of the few man-made sounds disrupting the silence of this untamed place, of this green island populated by thousands of wildlife species.
Over 98% of the European aquatic fauna is found here, represented by more than 320 species of birds, including the largest pelican colony on the continent; the area is also the last remaining place in Europe where wild horses still roam free. These are just a few of the reasons why the Danube Delta was declared a biosphere reserve and a natural site included in the UNESCO world heritage. Amidst the expanse of reeds, fishermen of old have built villages, inhabited to this day by people who have learned to live with meager resources, surrounded by waters. For them, fish is a staple diet, but it is prepared in dozens of ways, capable of delighting the most sophisticated of connoisseurs.
Danube Delta – wildlife sanctuary
Out of the ten countries crossed by the Danube, Romania is by far the most privileged one, as it hosts Europe’s last natural paradise: a delta formed at the meeting point of three tributaries, just before the river flows into the Black Sea. The entire area boasts an astonishing diversity in terms of wildlife and landscapes of unmatched beauty.
Thanks to our delta, Romania’s tourist and scientific potential is enhanced. In fact, since 1991 the Danube Delta biosphere and the reserve has been listed as a world heritage site.
What makes the Danube Delta one of a kind? Here are just a few reasons:
The forests of Letea and Caraorman are the only areas in Europe where we still encounter tropical creepers. Moreover, the seeds of exotic plants brought by migratory birds all the way from Africa have added an exotic touch to the landscape, the lush vegetation looks like a small-scale jungle.
The Danube Delta area ranks third worldwide in terms of biodiversity, after the Great Barrier Reef and the Galapagos Islands.
The richness of the Danube Delta area doesn’t strictly refer to its natural richness, but also to the historical heritage. Numerous archaeological sites existing today (Roman forts and ruins of Greek, Byzantine or Getic fortresses) give this realm a legendary dimension…
The Danube Delta is the largest and most compact reed area on Earth.
One of the strangest plants from Danube Delta is ”Noctiluca miliaris”. An aquatic plant whose fluorescent color conveys the effect of magical water, this is why people call it the “sea-candle”.