Dug in the Transylvanian salt deposits formed 13 million years ago, the Turda salt mine opened in the first century BC and was operational until the early 20th century. The result of two thousand years of labor. With rudimentary means, in the beginning, the salt was brought to the surface in wicker baskets and with more sophisticated means as the years advanced, is astounding. Hundreds of meters of galleries open into halls the size of cathedrals. One of them is 90 meters tall, with a lake at the bottom. The sights inside the mine are otherworldly, attracting artists in search of spectacular views.
Throughout the year, the interior temperature is constant (10-12 degrees Celsius). The salty air has proven therapeutic properties, especially for respiratory problems.
Interesting facts about Turda Salt Mine:
The continual exploration of the salt deposit, in the beginning through surface mining and later in the depth, started during the Roman occupation in Dacia.
In the Turda Mines, the salt was extracted manually with pickaxes, hammers, chisels and steel wedges. The attempts to using explosive materials did not lead to the expected results. The result was very much finer salt which was why they were soon abandoned.
Prisoners were never used as workforce in Turda Salt Mine and nowhere in Transylvania. The salt was exploited by free people who were hired for one year, their work contract being signed on January 7. A salt cutter received 12 florins a year. All of them, as a group, received a barrel of wine, an ox and 100 loaves of bread on the four major celebrations (Christmas, Easter, Ascension Day, All’s Saints Day).
After its closing in 1932, the salt mine was forgotten till the second World War when it was reopened and used as an anti-aircraft shelter. Up to the year 1992, when the salt mine was opened to the public. Until then, it got the status of the touristic site. The first 500 meters of Franz Joseph conveyance gallery had been used for quite a long time, as a warehouse for cheese storage.
Monday – Sunday From 09.00 to 18.00.
Adults: 20 lei.
Children/students: 10 lei.
Seniors: 12 lei.
Free / Reduced Admission
– children under 3 years old have free entrance;
– children and students have to prove with a document (license/passport) aimed at day.